Fuel Cell Process

On-Site Hydrogen Production

Reforming Technologies Compared

It has been shown that fuel cells offer a number of advantages in producing power on demand, particularly for off grid locations. An issue facing these applications is the continuing availability of a local hydrogen (H2) source. A process called “reforming” can be used to produce hydrogen locally from various hydrocarbon materials. ETI has developed a reformation process that allows the use of a variety of feedstocks to produce hydrogen. The Hydrogen Fuel Reforming System™ (HFRS) will allow the operation of fuel cells with feedstock collected at the point of use (such as biomass, municipal solid waste or hydrocarbons). This bio-reformation technology has several advantages over the conventional steam reforming or gasification technologies. It is a lower temperature process and thus can proceed in a liquid phase. Additionally, with no evolution of the reaction to CO or CO2, it is much simpler to construct and operate.

Metal Hydride

Building a continuous bio-reformer into a modular system for point of use presents some challenges. First, the system must be able to fit in a mobile compact case. Second, the system has to be rugged enough to withstand shock and vibration along with harsh wide ranging temperatures. Lastly, the system will need to offer processing of diverse feedstock for use in producing hydrogen. Fortunately, ETI has been building rugged modular equipment for over 20 years and is capable of meeting all of these requirements.

examples of materials reformed

5 feedstocks

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